We’re all familiar with an all too common question, what is universal adult franchise in India? But it,’s not hard to answer at all.
In fact, adult Franchise means all adults citizen of the country should have the right to vote without any discrimination of class, religion, gender, or class.
It is a part of democracy, which we term as equality. It emphasizes that the right to vote should be equally available to all.
It is the foundation of a democratic system. It allows all citizens to be involved in the art of governance of their state.
Franchise basically means the right of the people to vote and elect their representatives. The word franchise is derived from the French word ‘franc’ which means ‘free’. In history, it took much time in making itself a universal law.
Generally speaking, it was one of the major demands in the long-history of India for democracy. Up till now, not all the countries in the globe are putting this law to action.
India, as a country, implemented this principle only in January 26, 1950. Now the minimum age for exercising franchise in India is 18 years.
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You must meet certain qualifications for the adult franchise in India, and these are:
- One must be a citizen of India,
- One must have attained 18 years of age,
- One must not be of sound mind (sane),
- One must not have been declared bankrupt by a competent court
What is Universal Adult Franchise or Suffrage
Universal adult franchise is the foundation of election to the Lok Sabha and the state legislative assemblies.
Every citizen who is 18 or older has a right to vote without discrimination of sex, religion, caste, literacy, race, wealth, and so on.
This is highly remarkable in light of the country’s large population, social inequality, unbeatable illiteracy and high poverty rate.
Now, “adult” in the U.S. has to be defined: Is it 16 and older? 18 and older? Over 21?
There also are some states in the U.S. that do not allow convicted felons to vote but that’s none of our business as this post is focused on India.
In summary: Universal adult franchise allows democracy broad-based, boosts self-respect and prestige of the masses, reaffirm the principles of equality, allows the common people to protect their interests and opens up new hopes for the weaker sections.
Hope this helps. 🙂
When was Universal Franchise granted in India
The universal adult franchise was adopted with the current constitution in 1949 but was only implemented on January 26, 1950.
What is the Difference Between A Franchise And Suffrage?
For you to ask this, chances are; English is your second language and not your first.
A lot of words in English Language have double or more meanings and franchise is one.
Typically, Franchise means a business opportunity provided by a franchisor, but another meaning can be as defined in the dictionary.
Here’s how it is interpreted in relationship to the word suffrage as a right given by a government to a person or group:
Universal suffrage – suffrage for all adults who are not disqualified by the laws of the country enfranchisement , franchise – a statutory right or privilege granted to a person or group by a government (especially the rights of citizenship and the right to vote).
Honestly, there is no difference between a franchise and suffrage.
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